How to effectively prevent Typhoid while travelling?
There are many sensible steps travellers can take to protect themselves against typhoid fever. One of the simplest measures is to have a typhoid vaccination. Touchwood Pharmacy offers the typhoid fever vaccination in Northolt and the typhoid vaccination in Bromley.
What are the causes of Typhoid?
Bacteria is excreted in the faeces of unwell patients in the acute or chronic stages of the illness. Poor food hygiene or sanitation can then lead to the transmission of the bacteria. Shellfish and raw vegetables are common sources of contamination in addition to the transmission from the hands of an infected individual who has not taken adequate hygiene precautions. Risk can be considerably minimised by following sensible food precautions and hygiene measures. Typhoid is mainly endemic in low-income countries where there is a lack of sanitation and clean water.
What are the symptoms of typhoid fever?
The symptoms of typhoid fever include:-
- stomach pain
- a sustained fever, one that doesn’t come and go
- weakness and fatigue
- either constipation or diarrhoea
- loss of appetite
What is the treatment for typhoid?
The standard treatment is antibiotics and supportive care until the patient is well again.
What is a suitable typhoid diet?
Good and appropriate nutrition is key to a planned response to typhoid and to avoid making any of the gastro-intestinal problems worse during the recovery period. High-calorie bland foods are recommended in smaller portions as are plenty of fluids and fruits with a high water content to aid hydration; the fluid content in the body can be depleted during typhoid. Healthy carbohydrates can help boost energy levels. Avoid high fibre and excessively oily and spicy foods.
Choosing a typhoid vaccine
In the UK, the two main vaccines available to protect against typhoid are:-
- Vi vaccine – given as a single injection
- Ty21a vaccine – given as three capsules taken on alternate days
There are also combined typhoid and Hepatitis A injections available for people aged 15 and over. For more information on the typhoid fever vaccination in Northolt and the typhoid vaccination in Bromley visit our website https://www.touchwoodpharmacy.com/